Bio-Mass Waste

Bio-Mass Waste

Biomass, vegetation and bagasse are very good sources of energy.

Methane from anaerobic digestion is derived from biological process that produces a gas principally composed of methane (CH4) and carbon dioxide (CO2) otherwise known as Biogas. These gases are produced from organic wastes such as livestock manure, food processing waste, wood chips & pulp, and other forms of bagasse such as sugar cane and corn stalks, etc...

Methane / Biogas is a gas that contains molecules of methane with one atom of carbon and four atoms of hydrogen (CH4). It is the major component of the "natural" gas used in many homes for cooking and heating. It is odorless, colorless, and yields about 1,000 British Thermal Units (Btu) of heat energy per cubic foot (0.028 cubic meters) when burned.

Biogas / Methane produced in anaerobic digesters consists of methane (50% - 80%), carbon dioxide (20% - 50%), and trace levels of other gases such as hydrogen, carbon monoxide, nitrogen, oxygen, and hydrogen sulfide.

Anaerobic processes could either occur naturally or in a controlled environment such as a biogas plant. Organic waste such as livestock manure and various types of bacteria are put in an airtight container called Anaerobic Digester and processed at warm temperatures, typically 90 to 130 degrees Farenheit.

Ethanol distillation of the remaining fluids can be accomplished via traditional sugar and yeast methods or by a slower cellulosic ethanol processes.

Incineration energy extraction methods have been utilized for many decades. The burning of bio-mass has provided energy for steam heat and steam powered electricity for many years faithfully, however the handling of the exhaust emissions still remain on of the main hurdles in the process.

Wood chip gasification creates clean burning hydrogen based gases and bio char (Charcoal) that can be used to make steam for power generators. The Gas from gasification can be used in internal combustion engines (ICE), or stored and used in place of natural gas (CNG) or propane gas (LPG).

Electric Plasma Arc processing (under low oxygen conditions) can render Hydrogen and steam as energy sources while preparing the feed stock residue for drying and further processing to formulate pellets and briquettes. The left over pellets and briquettes can be used as a fuel source to make more steam and electricity.

Most anaerobic digestion technologies are commercially available.

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Bio Mass Biomass Waste Solution

Bio Mass Biomass Waste Solution

How Cellulosic Ethanol is Made